A. Elsts, R. McConville. Are Microcontrollers Ready for Deep Learning-Based Human Activity Recognition?. Electronics (Switzerland), 9(21), 2640 pp. MDPI, 2021.

Bibtex citation:
author = {A. Elsts and R. McConville},
title = {Are Microcontrollers Ready for Deep Learning-Based Human Activity Recognition?},
journal = {Electronics (Switzerland)},
volume = {9},
issue = {21},
pages = {2640},
publisher = {MDPI},
year = {2021}

Abstract: The last decade has seen exponential growth in the field of deep learning with deep learning on microcontrollers a new frontier for this research area. This paper presents a case study about machine learning on microcontrollers, with a focus on human activity recognition using accelerometer data. We build machine learning classifiers suitable for execution on modern microcontrollers and evaluate their performance. Specifically, we compare Random Forests (RF), a classical machine learning technique, with Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN), in terms of classification accuracy and inference speed. The results show that RF classifiers achieve similar levels of classification accuracy while being several times faster than a small custom CNN model designed for the task. The RF and the custom CNN are also several orders of magnitude faster than state-of-the-art deep learning models. On the one hand, these findings confirm the feasibility of using deep learning on modern microcontrollers. On the other hand, they cast doubt on whether deep learning is the best approach for this application, especially if high inference speed and, thus, low energy consumption is the key objective. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2079-9292/10/21/2640

Quartile: Q2

Full text: Are Microcontrollers Ready for Deep Learning-Based Human Activity Recognition?

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